UGA Specific Information for Microbiology

Biology encompasses the study of all living organisms, including microbes, plants, and animals. The study of biology includes various aspects of life, including basic organization (molecular, cellular, tissues, organs), how organisms unction, their roles in the natural environment, how hereditary information is transferred, and development of biotechnology. Biology graduates are broadly trained and well prepared for admission into strong graduate programs in the biological sciences and professional schools (medical, dental, and veterinary). They may also directly assume positions in government, education, industry, or certain technical fields.

Microbiology is a branch of biology. This is the theory of small living things (microorganisms), which are divided into bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa (protozoa). In general, the microorganisms in microbiology are visible only under a microscope. Microorganisms are widespread in nature. Some bacteria inhabit the inner and outer surfaces of the human body, these are non-pathogenic micro-organisms to, for they call thus produced no disease. The bacteria of the small and large intestine are even useful digestive aid since it provides, among other things important for blood clotting vitamin K. Such a union between two organisms is called symbiosis. Also, there are microorganisms that act cause disease and are therefore pathogenic, and include, for example, the causative agent of bacterial infection and viral diseases. Living beings that live at the expense of another organism, called a parasite, to them, include multicellular animal life forms, such as arthropods and worms.

Class of 2022 Career Outcomes for Microbiology*

** Includes Self-Employed

Campus Resources

Additional UGA Career Center Recommendations/Considerations


Taken from American Society for Microbiology


Food, agricultural, or environmental laboratory scientist/technologist - Performs established, well-validated tests on water, food, agricultural, and environmental samples to detect different types of microbes. These professionals have to be precise and pay attention to detail so that test results are accurate. They may also participate in reporting test results to others outside of the lab.

Public health, medical, or veterinary laboratory scientist/technologist - Performs established, well-validated tests on human and animal samples to detect disease-causing microbes. Technologist certification may be required or preferred.

Research associate - A key player on research teams, who provides technical support to ongoing research projects. A research associate executes experiments designed by more senior researchers. He/she may be assigned to a single research project or to a set of related techniques that are used across projects in the lab. For example, in research laboratories that use live cell cultures, it is common to have a research associate who's job is to maintain the cultures.

Quality assurance/control scientist - Performs tests on products, such as measuring microbe contaminants, to ensure the products meet safety and quality standards.

Biosafety specialist - Inspects laboratories and related facilities to ensure that both the space and the practices of those using the space adhere to state and federal regulations for safety, occupational and environmental health. For example, he/she might inspect a laboratory and issue a citation if there is evidence of food in the laboratory space. Acts as a resource for colleagues seeking guidance on occupational or environmental health concerns. Provides safety training to laboratory personnel.



Clinical or research laboratory manager - Manages day to day activities in a variety of laboratories. Trains laboratory personnel in experimental techniques, maintains lab inventories and equipment, supervises junior staff (technicians, technologists, and assistants/associates). Clinical laboratory manager positions typically require certification.

Biosafety officer - Plans, develops, and manages biosafety programs. These programs typically include providing appropriate training for laboratory personnel, assessing biosafety risks of particular projects, inspecting laboratories for compliance with biosafety standards, responding to biosafety emergencies, and making recommendations to improve safety and environmental and occupational health.

Instructor/ laboratory coordinator - Teaches classroom and/or laboratory courses at community colleges or primarily undergraduate colleges and universities. Participates in course development, faculty meetings, accreditation processes, and advises student

Research scientist - A senior member of a research laboratory who helps write grant proposals, designs and carries out experiments, analyzes data, and publishes the results. Also trains students and laboratory personnel.

University/college professor - Heads a research laboratory, teaches undergraduate and/or graduate students, trains and mentors students and postdoctoral fellows who are doing research, serves on university/college committees.

Consultant - Works either freelance or as part of a consulting firm. Prepares reports on the state of scientific fields, companies in a particular market, or emerging issues in science and advises client organizations, such as businesses or foundations.

Clinical laboratory director - Head of a clinical laboratory. Consults with healthcare providers, evaluates and implements new diagnostic tests or testing procedures, maintains laboratory accreditation, oversees overall laboratory operation.

Research director - Leads a research or research & development team either at a company or at a government agency. Determines direction of the program and directs efforts of research personnel.

Administrator at a university/college - Has responsibility for a particular set of academic departments (dean) or an aspect of the administration such as admissions (vice president). Typically, administrators act as executive officers and do not teach or conduct research.

Corporate executive - Oversees part or all of a company. Typically no longer does research, but guides overall company strategy and determines what products are brought to market.

Science advisor/administrator in government - Leads regulatory and surveillance programs concerned with product safety and public health. Makes recommendations that influence laws, regulations, and public policy.

Supplemental Career Research Dashboard

Additional Career Research Resources

  • O*NET - The O*NET database includes information on skills, abilities, knowledges, work activities, and interests associated with over 900 occupations (Login using your 810/811)
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook - The OOH can help you find career information on duties, education and training, pay, and outlook for hundreds of occupations
  • Firsthand -Explore a library of guides, articles, and other resources to help you explore careers, plan your job search, and learn about different work environments. Create a free account with your UGA email.
  • Candid Career - Whether you are just beginning to explore career options, preparing for a job interview, or looking to change careers, can help by providing you with access to thousands of informational video interviews with real professionals through an easy to use website. We can all learn from the experiences of others and the Career Center makes this valuable resource available to UGA students so they may be informed and ready for what lies ahead. (Login using your 810/811)
  • GoinGlobal - View jobs/internship in other countries and country career guides (Login using your 810/811)
  • UGA Mentor Program- Networking with your Bulldog family can help you get ahead in life and career, but where do you even start? The UGA Mentor Program narrows down the world of possibilities to meaningful connections. The program connects students to alumni mentors for personal and professional development 
  • Glassdoor - Glassdoor is a free jobs and career community that offers the world an inside look at jobs and companies. What sets us apart is our "employee generated content" – anonymous salaries, company reviews, interview questions, and more – all posted by employees, job seekers, and sometimes the companies themselves. Now with nearly 3 million salaries and reviews, you have all the information you might need to make your next career decision. 
  • Portfolium - Your work and projects are undeniable proof of your skills – Portfolium will help you learn and allow you to display the top skills graduate schools and employers want. Portfolium is where you’ll upload your work, projects, presentations and more. The UGA Career Center has pre-loaded your profile to include the top skills graduate schools and employers seek in their candidates. Log-in to your profile to see how you can build your skills!
  • Big Interview - Online practice interview platform. Practice basic interview questions or questions based on your industry interests or competencies! Also provides practice interview questions for graduate/professional schools. Just sign-up using your uga email address! 
  • Career Cornerstone Center - Career planning resources for STEM fields
  • "Learn How to Become" Job Search and Career Resource Center- this source provides advice for the job search, networking, interviews, salary negotiation, tips for starting the position, and more!

Employment Websites


  • Handshake - Login with your UGA myID and password to view thousands of jobs/internships from employers looking for UGA students
  • LinkedIn - Network with professionals and view job openings
  • GoinGlobal - Job/internship openings in countries abroad as well as country career guides providing information about finding employment in other countries. 
  • Idealist - Nonprofit Jobs
  • Indeed - General job search engine
  • USAJobs - Federal Jobs
  • Firsthand - Company rankings/profiles, industry career guides, and advice articles


Professional Associations/Resources


  • Join LinkedIn groups that are relevant to your career interests.  To search, select "groups" & type in your keywords.  
  • Review the groups that professionals in your field of interest have joined & consider joining those as well.  
  • To login, visit the LinkedIn main page. 

Employers/Position Title Reported by Class of 2022 Microbiology majors

The information below represents employers and position titles from the Class of 2022 Career Outcomes Survey. To view historical Career Outcomes for this major, click here and select "Historical Data" from the navigation menu.

Employer Position Title(s)
Babcock Dermatology Medical Assistant/Patient Care Coordinator
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Postbaccalaureate Research Fellowship
Oak Ridge Associated Universities Fellow
Summit Spine & Joint Centers Medical Assistant
Veeva Systems Associate Consultant
* denotes no responses received.

*Source: Areas above marked with an Asterisk (*) have been created utilizing data taken from the UGA Career Outcomes Survey. The "Employers Hiring...," "Job Titles of...," "Career Outcomes for...," and "Graduate/Professional Schools and Programs..." information listed above represent UGA Class of 2022 Graduates. The lists are not exhaustive and therefore do not represent all potential career options. Click here for more detailed Career Outcomes information regarding this major.

Graduate/Professional Schools attended by Class of 2022 Microbiology majors

The information below represents graduate/professional schools and programs reported through the Class of 2022 Career Outcomes Survey. To view historical Career Outcomes for this major, click here and select "Historical Data" from the navigation menu.

Graduate School Program(s)
Augusta University Medicine, MD
Georgia State University Not Specified
Kennesaw State University Integrative Biology, MS
Lincoln Memorial University Physician Assistant, MMS
Mercer University Medicine, MD
Mercer University Not Specified
University of Florida Microbiology and Cell Science, PhD
University of Georgia Public Health, MPH
University of Georgia Public Health, Not Specified
University of Georgia Microbiology, BS/MS
University of North Carolina At Chapel Hill Public Health, MPH
* denotes no responses received.